Giant Schnauzer

Temperament: The temperament of the Giant Schnauzer should be sound and reliable, and according to the AKC breed standard, should combine "spirit and alertness with intelligence and reliability" and be "composed, watchful, courageous, easily trained, deeply loyal to family, playful, amiable in repose, and a commanding figure when aroused."

Height: 60 to 70 cm/ 23 to 28 in

Weight: 35 to 47 kg./ 75 to 105 lbs

Life Span: 12-15 years

Breed Average Outlier Index: 0.26

Breed Average Genetic Relatedness: 0.00

Breed Average Internal Relatedness: 0.04

Last 10 Recently Added Public Dogs!

No.NameGenderOutlier IndexAverage Genetic RelatednessInternal Relatedness
1 Austin von Elberfeld M0.240.06-0.17
2 Firezone's Vala Dances Free With Butterflies F0.180.060.03
3 Firezone's Wild and Free from Kincsem F0.170.08-0.07
4 Not Yet Registered Leta Puppy F0.31-0.02-0.14
5 Schutzengel's Whatever It Takes M0.210.050.07
6CH Spicerack's Whiskey Tango Foxtrot By Ramahill M0.220.05-0.02
7 Firezone's Mayberry Rain Dance F0.260.010.11
8 Spicerack's Shotgun Rider M0.240.02-0.09
9GCHS Spicerack's Whispering Sweet Nuthins F0.170.010.22
10 Firezone's High Caliber Commotion M0.250.02-0.10

The first breed standard for the Schnauzer was written in 1907 and the first Giant Schnauzer, "Roland Rolandsheim", was exhibited at an official show in Munich in 1909. The exact makeup of the breed today is still unknown but it is speculated that Standard Schnauzer, an extinct dog called the Oberlander, various farm dogs, and possibly Bouvier de Flanders are all possible ancestors. It wasn't until about 1914 that the modern Giant Schnauzer was developed by a man named C. Calaminus who never revealed the breeds he used. We do know that he used the black Oberlander dogs, and possibly some Great Dane, but there is no actual evidence. Some early notable giants with photographic evidence are Bazi v Wetterstein and Felz v Kinzigtal. In 1923 the PSK (Pinscher Schnauzer Klub) in Germany, the breed's country of origin, published the first standard for the Giant Schnauzer. It said “The Giant Schnauzer will be the best possible, considerably enlarged and strengthened copy of the Standard Schnauzer.” The height was fixed at 21.5 to 25.5 inches. Mental characteristics, along with size and structure were described as such: “All these allow the Giant Schnauzer to perform the hard and strenuous life of a working dog.” From 1923 to around 1938 the Giant thrived, and in 1927, the PSK had the first "Bundesliestungsiegerprufung" (national championship, working trials.) This national competition was annual until 1938 and cancelled in 1939. World War II then wiped out many Giant Schnauzers, but the Germans started again in 1945 to rebuild the breed with dogs remaining from around the world. This was also complicated by the Berlin Wall which separated East and West Germany and therefore the breeding pool as well between 1961 to 1989. After the unification of Germany, the bloodlines were crossed and our modern day gene pool consists of everything that survived these historical events.

The community of owners of Giant Schnauzers reports concern for the following illnesses: squamous celll carcinoma, toe cancer, and melanoma, autoimmune diseases including thyroiditis, epilepsy, cadiac diseases SAS and dialated cardiomyelopathy, lyphomas, hip dyplasia, eye disorders (cataracts and PRA), AIHA, IMTP, SLO, and cobalamin malabsorption.

Giant Schnauzer breeders have clearly made an effort to keep inbreeding low in a small gene pool. Dr. Pedersen's report says "“IR scores ranged from a low of -0.181 (parents least related) to a high of 0.486 (parents most related), with a mean (average) value of 0.047. Therefore, one fourth of the population had IR scores from -0.041 to -0.181, and one fourth +0.139 to 0.486. …… IR values show that there are three populations among the 133 Giant Schnauzers, one quarter containing individuals from very unrelated parents, one half with parents of average relatedness, and one fourth with parents that are quite related.”

There is clearly a genetic split in the breed between black Giant Schnauzers and Pepper Salt Giant Schnauzers. Each of these populations are more related among themselves than with each other. The Average Genetic Relatedness (AGR), which is the genetic equivalent of the pedigree based calculation "mean kinship," show that overall relatedness is close. This means breeders must make a specific effort to breed to the least related quality dogs they can find, in addition to prioritizing genetic outliers, in order to maximize retention of existing diversity in the breed.

Giant Schnauzer breeders have clearly made an effort to keep inbreeding low in a small gene pool. Dr. Pedersen's report says "“IR scores ranged from a low of -0.181 (parents least related) to a high of 0.486 (parents most related), with a mean (average) value of 0.047. Therefore, one fourth of the population had IR scores from -0.041 to -0.181, and one fourth +0.139 to 0.486. …… IR values show that there are three populations among the 133 Giant Schnauzers, one quarter containing individuals from very unrelated parents, one half with parents of average relatedness, and one fourth with parents that are quite related.”

The Giant Schnauzer has retained a broad range of diversity in the DLA haplotypes, which means they have kept much of the early diversity of the founders of the breed. The initial study of 146 dogs revealed 14 Class I individial DLA haplotypes and 15 individual Class II haplotypes. This is promising for the future of the breed, since some breeds have very few left. It is possible to retain that diversity and this may indicate that there is more overall diversity still to be found in the world. Nevertheless, there seems to be a significant concern with autoimmune disease in the breed, which tends to be more attributable to low overall diversity, not only homozygous DLA haplotypes.

The follow includes dogs with birthdates listed in the database.

DLA Haplotypes in the Breed

The Dog Leukocyte Antigen or DLA is the region in the canine genome that controls the immune system, among other things. There are three classes or areas, and the VGL Canine Diversity Test genotypes or records the two regions with the most variation. Because it is an area that mutates more rapidly than others, the method VGL uses is ideal for identifying specific combinations of DNA, and not merely showing whether a dog inherited two of the same sets of genetics from its parents or two different ones.

"Haplotype" is a generic name for a set of genes that are bound together and inherited as a set. The DLA Class I and Class II haplotypes are very tightly bound and represent about 2 million base pairs of DNA - a sizeable chunk. These two haplotypes together make an extended haplotype that is nearly always passed from parent to puppies as a pair. We therefore have two tables below showing both the combinations of DLA found in this breed and how often they appear, and also how often they appear individually.

Remember that frequency percentages do not show how many dogs carry them, but rather how many of these haplotypes exist in the breed as a whole. Every dog has two sets of DLA haplotypes, one inherited from dam, and one inherited from sire. These almost never recombine in new generations.

DLA Class I/Class II Combinations :

Class I HaplotypeClass II HaplotypeFrequency in the Breed
1092203727.32%
1159200614.88%
1014205013.41%
1017209010.00%
101420377.80%
100620075.37%
106820535.37%
101620314.15%
100820033.90%
109120333.17%
101120121.22%
100820050.98%
115920010.73%
115920530.73%
101620140.24%
105420220.24%
106520330.24%
118120600.24%


DLA Frequencies :

ClassHaplotypeFrequency in the Breed
Class I00.97%
Class I10065.31%
Class I10084.83%
Class I10111.21%
Class I101421.01%
Class I10164.35%
Class I10179.90%
Class I10540.24%
Class I10650.24%
Class I10685.31%
Class I10913.14%
Class I109227.05%
Class I115916.18%
Class I11810.24%
Class II00.97%
Class II20010.72%
Class II20033.86%
Class II20050.97%
Class II200614.73%
Class II20075.31%
Class II20121.21%
Class II20140.24%
Class II20220.24%
Class II20314.11%
Class II20333.38%
Class II203734.78%
Class II205013.29%
Class II20536.04%
Class II20600.24%
Class II20909.90%


Search For a Giant Schnauzer

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List of Public Dogs

No.NameGenderOutlier IndexAverage Genetic RelatednessInternal Relatedness
1Amazing Alfa at FigoskyF0.220.030.14
2Apffel Bach's California CruzinF0.26-0.050.14
3Apffel Bach's DirkM0.26-0.090.30
4Apffell Bach's Covert OperativeM0.31-0.050.07
5Apffell Bach's Delta ForceF0.34-0.070.08
6Ashton vom WasserlaufM0.27-0.03-0.02
7Aspen Leaf’s Bear Creek Elsa QueenF0.230.05-0.04
8Austin von Elberfeld M0.240.06-0.17
9Azzuma's Daredevil of WetbeardM0.210.030.10
10Bear Creek Grande LillyF0.200.09-0.13
11Bear Creek Hinda v Clear DaysF0.170.06-0.06
12Bigfoot’s Aspen Leaf RevancheF0.250.04-0.07
13Bluechip Smash HitF0.200.010.03
14Boston Blackstone NM0.230.05-0.17
15Brix In Spite Of AllM0.350.00-0.02
16Carolina's HaHa Fooled YaF0.180.010.16
17Carolina's Million Dollar BabyF0.160.030.20
18Carolina's The Jig Is UpM0.120.070.18
19CH Spicerack's Olivia's Secret PotionF0.240.04-0.04
20Clear Days Crystal Blue PersuasionF0.32-0.070.24
21Coldnose Memphis BelleF0.230.000.15
22Coolhand's Black IceF0.280.01-0.04
23CoolHand's I've Got The MovesM0.290.06-0.19
24CoolHand's Set Fire To The ReignF0.27-0.02-0.02
25Daserbe Chase The Ace To DraxparkF0.280.06-0.13
26Dasval As Good As It GetsF0.280.000.02
27Delarive's Time to JitterbugF0.140.050.30
28Doc's Life Is GoodM0.150.06-0.02
29Draxpark Black JackM0.230.10-0.21
30Draxpark Check Me OutF0.20-0.010.20
31Draxpark Checkered FlagM0.220.06-0.04
32Draxpark DramaticusF0.36-0.04-0.02
33Draxpark FantasticusM0.250.040.01
34Draxpark Hot Like MeF0.360.000.04
35Draxpark JackpotF0.160.12-0.17
36Draxpark Looking GoodM0.260.02-0.04
37Draxpark Lots To LikeM0.290.02-0.01
38Draxpark SochiF0.32-0.020.01
39Draxpark VladivostokM0.39-0.01-0.19
40Edelphie Delores DelagoF0.240.04-0.04
41Ekhojdens Singular SensationF0.24-0.010.02
42El Pulpo De CethusM0.330.00-0.07
43Extreme Eldorado Vom Mutter HausM0.330.04-0.09
44Eyrie von ElberfeldF0.30-0.090.27
45Fanta C's Out Of The DarknessM0.280.00-0.01
46Ferncliffe DavignonM0.290.02-0.07
47Ferncliffe Pistols At Dawn for RuffhausF0.20-0.010.13
48Ferncliffe Strip ArtistF0.220.050.08
49FERNCLIFFES URAKM0.220.05-0.03
50Firezone's Beyond The SpotlightM0.250.000.08
51Firezone's Clear LegacyF0.200.07-0.11
52Firezone's Echoes of Ramos' LegacyF0.110.09-0.12
53Firezone's Firefly At DragonairM0.16-0.010.09
54Firezone's Gravitational ForceM0.160.050.01
55Firezone's High Caliber 357F0.210.05-0.07
56Firezone's High Caliber CommotionM0.250.02-0.10
57Firezone's KincsemF0.160.010.33
58Firezone's Mayberry Rain DanceF0.260.010.11
59Firezone's Mayberry Time To ShineF0.200.080.03
60Firezone's Ramos' Special LegacyM0.180.030.04
61Firezone's Reach Beyond The StarsF0.230.020.12
62Firezone's Special BlendF0.180.05-0.08
63Firezone's Taking Me HigherF0.250.03-0.07
64Firezone's Vala Dances Free With ButterfliesF0.180.060.03
65Firezone's Wild and Free from KincsemF0.170.08-0.07
66Foxwood's Dare To Dazzle RiesenheimF0.270.02-0.03
67Foxwood's Femme NikitaF0.210.09-0.19
68Freddie z Grodu Ksiazat PomorskichM0.42-0.15-0.02
69Giant Strides Karbon Kopy Vom Mutter HausM0.270.040.04
70Gloris Rafael DraxparkM0.25-0.010.23
71Grande Lovin' Every Minute of ItF0.31-0.070.23
72Grande Mojo at CherokeeF0.200.050.03
73Grande Next JourneyF0.190.060.03
74Grande No Rest for the WickedF0.300.02-0.03
75Grande OverdriveM0.160.12-0.13
76Grande Passion for FameF0.23-0.040.24
77Grande QuattroM0.280.03-0.05
78Grande Queen of HeartsF0.260.07-0.09
79Grande QuintessentialF0.250.040.04
80Grande Roses in RomeF0.310.01-0.06
81Grande Something WickedF0.21-0.020.28
82Grande Super SportM0.23-0.010.28
83Grovelea BossanovaF0.260.04-0.10
84Happy Trails Life Is Highway At Fanta CM0.260.02-0.05
85Happy Trails Watcha Gonna Do With A CowboyM0.280.04-0.17
86Hearthmore’s Wild PoppyF0.130.070.09
87Hearthmore’s Wintergreen Mountain M0.190.060.10
88Hemi vom EngelskottenF0.38-0.050.05
89Histyle's Federal ExpressM0.210.070.03
90HiStyle's Midnight SpecialM0.180.06-0.02
91HiStyle's Somewhere Over The RainbowF0.170.08-0.06
92Houston Von ElberfeldM0.34-0.020.02
93Indigo's A Bonney Irish PirateF0.36-0.100.06
94Indigo's A Scottish PiperF0.34-0.06-0.04
95Indigo's Dream Come TrueF0.29-0.05-0.01
96Indigo's GwynnieF0.38-0.090.01
97Indigo's Whiz KidM0.33-0.080.04
98Ingebars Tynan Dances with WildflowersM0.200.000.30
99Ingebars I Live For The ApplauseF0.140.11-0.05
100Ingebars Oh Be JoyfulM0.190.080.27
101Inno All'Amore von den Nassen BaertenM0.38-0.130.06
102Invicta Gigas ClodaghF0.180.04-0.04
103Iservel Dark SecretM0.270.000.19
104Jafrak Magic LanternF0.200.08-0.03
105Jenga vom Moisburger BergF0.69-0.19-0.02
106KAR Farm's Good for the GanderM0.38-0.150.25
107KenRo's Evening RendezvouF0.22-0.040.19
108KenRo's You Got Some Splanin To DoF0.24-0.020.08
109Kiraly's Dance Of DragonsF0.230.050.00
110Kiraly's DrogonM0.180.050.03
111Kiraly's Moves Like JaggerM0.210.050.07
112Kiraly's Sweet SophisticationF0.21-0.050.42
113Kiraly's Winter is ComingM0.160.10-0.09
114Kittynoir Vanilla BeanF0.30-0.01-0.04
115Komet Von ElberfeldM0.190.010.06
116Lagniappe's From The Mountains To The BayouM0.160.14-0.02
117Lagniappe's Geaux Tell It On The MountainM0.230.040.03
118Lagniappe's Hard To HandleM0.140.050.11
119Lagniappe's Heaven Help UsF0.130.060.07
120Leidenschaft's JägermeisterM0.23-0.010.12
121Long Grove's Twinkle ToesF0.150.040.12
122Lucavale Washington at AndmauraM0.38-0.130.05
123Magisterial's Boulder HaukM0.36-0.03-0.10
124Mendelssohn vom Weseler WaldM0.25-0.03-0.10
125Momentumm Annie Get Your GunF0.29-0.040.03
126Momentumm Brigadoon After MidnightM0.32-0.03-0.09
127Momentumm In The LimelightF0.31-0.060.00
128Momentumm King of HeartsM0.200.08-0.14
129Momentumm Knight Show V. MagicM0.30-0.080.31
130Momentumm V.I.P.F0.49-0.130.04
131Munchener Qira von MoonshadoF0.38-0.200.24
132Munchener Siegfried von MondoM0.32-0.140.14
133Nev Lemar Bonapart M0.240.04-0.05
134Nightline Heart of DelariveF0.180.020.03
135Not Yet Registered Leta PuppyF0.31-0.02-0.14
136Obsidian's First LadyF0.190.05-0.02
137Obsidian's Freya Von LuthorF0.220.020.01
138Old Saint NicklausM0.25-0.01-0.11
139Ordre Hanno VetoF0.36-0.070.06
140Otis Boanergos De GaulleM0.210.030.07
141Otis Boanergos OrpheusM0.280.04-0.11
142Patriot Vom ZetterfeldM0.30-0.030.15
143Pharo vom kleinen BüffelM0.30-0.07-0.02
144Pushkadell Tuscan to GroveleaM0.190.070.02
145Qodo vom GoldbergseeF0.26-0.060.13
146Quadriga vom Weseler WaldF0.35-0.05-0.05
147Ramahill's Gloriana At SpicerackF0.240.01-0.03
148Riesenheim Rufus BlackM0.230.05-0.06
149Riesenheim Taio Cruz To RuffhausM0.260.020.01
150Riesenrad's Go The DistanceF0.30-0.030.08
151Riesenrads Guilty As ChargedF0.35-0.070.15
152Riesenrads IMA Coming In HotF0.30-0.010.01
153Riot von ElberfeldM0.32-0.080.05
154Rissies JappM0.46-0.09-0.02
155Schutzengel's Bad and BoujeeF0.260.010.23
156Schutzengel's Whatever It TakesM0.210.050.07
157Selectiondor ElectraF0.200.050.04
158Silver Senator Figo at FigoskyM0.71-0.21-0.01
159Silver Senators Sky NewsF0.77-0.250.18
160Skansen's Duchess of KaliforniaF0.180.030.06
161Skansen's Indigo RainF0.44-0.160.00
162Skansen's Payton of KARFarmF0.33-0.120.17
163Skansen's Thousand IslandM0.170.050.20
164Spartacus Radinie At DraxparkM0.39-0.070.03
165Spicerack's Pink Missundaztood SecretF0.180.040.04
166Spicerack's Shotgun RiderM0.240.02-0.09
167Spicerack's Whiskey Tango Foxtrot By RamahillM0.220.05-0.02
168Spicerack's Whispering Sweet NuthinsF0.170.010.22
169St. Michaels AibhlinnF0.280.01-0.06
170Stablemaster's Claudius CaesarM0.200.040.02
171Stablemaster's Kiss of KarmaF0.170.050.16
172Stablemaster's SabrinaF0.180.030.07
173Star Drim Ya KalugaF0.30-0.060.28
174Star Drim Ya RusskiyM0.250.04-0.12
175Star Drim Yantra at FirezoneM0.280.000.13
176STAR LEVEL TIME TO WINM0.24-0.010.12
177T'Challah Black PantherF0.28-0.010.13
178Taktika Art Focus PointM0.140.030.18
179Terravirtus JengaF0.56-0.230.36
180Terravirtus PandamoniumM0.84-0.260.03
181Time For You Gaius Caesar at FerncliffeM0.36-0.03-0.04
182Tito von ElberfeldM0.280.01-0.05
183Tyshunde ApprenticeM0.26-0.040.16
184Uno Nicolas RadinieM0.180.07-0.11
185Wanderlust's Walking On Indigo SunshineF0.130.060.24
186Weylin Kato Vom Mutter HausM0.240.050.05
187Yadon von BlackmooreM0.230.020.05
188Yashanti's In CahootsM0.37-0.110.15
189Zarina's Design Amour-Amour at FoxwoodF0.280.030.09
190Zarina's Design Avenger For RiesenheimM0.270.010.06
191Zarina's Design Something SpecialF0.160.07-0.07
192Zarina's Design Tu Eres Mi TodoM0.190.050.16

Active BetterBred Breeders:

KennelWebsiteState or ProvinceCountry
Wasserlauf Giant SchnauzersWebsiteOntarioCA
Kiraly Giant SchnauzersWebsiteBritish ColumbiaCanada
Draxpark Giant SchnauzersWebsiteNorth YorkshireUK
Grande Giant SchnauzersWebsiteColoradoUS
Indigo GiantsWebsiteMissouriUS