Giant Schnauzer

Temperament: The temperament of the Giant Schnauzer should be sound and reliable, and according to the AKC breed standard, should combine "spirit and alertness with intelligence and reliability" and be "composed, watchful, courageous, easily trained, deeply loyal to family, playful, amiable in repose, and a commanding figure when aroused."

Height: 60 to 70 cm/ 23 to 28 in

Weight: 35 to 47 kg./ 75 to 105 lbs

Life Span: 12-15 years

Breed Average Outlier Index: 0.29

Breed Average Genetic Relatedness: 0.00

Breed Average Internal Relatedness: 0.03

Last 10 Recently Added Public Dogs!

No.NameGenderOutlier IndexAverage Genetic RelatednessInternal Relatedness
1 Grande Quattro M0.320.03-0.04
2 Firezone's Beyond The Spotlight M0.29-0.010.09
3 St. Michaels Aibhlinn F0.310.01-0.06
4 Leidenschaft's Jägermeister M0.23-0.010.12
5 Inno All'Amore von den Nassen Baerten M0.38-0.130.06
6 Firezone's Firefly At Dragonair M0.21-0.020.10
7 Obsidian's Freya Von Luthor F0.220.030.02
8 Nev Lemar Bonapart M0.280.04-0.04
9 Firezone's Reach Beyond The Stars F0.250.010.13
10 Obsidian's First Lady F0.210.05-0.01

The first breed standard for the Schnauzer was written in 1907 and the first Giant Schnauzer, "Roland Rolandsheim", was exhibited at an official show in Munich in 1909. The exact makeup of the breed today is still unknown but it is speculated that Standard Schnauzer, an extinct dog called the Oberlander, various farm dogs, and possibly Bouvier de Flanders are all possible ancestors. It wasn't until about 1914 that the modern Giant Schnauzer was developed by a man named C. Calaminus who never revealed the breeds he used. We do know that he used the black Oberlander dogs, and possibly some Great Dane, but there is no actual evidence. Some early notable giants with photographic evidence are Bazi v Wetterstein and Felz v Kinzigtal. In 1923 the PSK (Pinscher Schnauzer Klub) in Germany, the breed's country of origin, published the first standard for the Giant Schnauzer. It said “The Giant Schnauzer will be the best possible, considerably enlarged and strengthened copy of the Standard Schnauzer.” The height was fixed at 21.5 to 25.5 inches. Mental characteristics, along with size and structure were described as such: “All these allow the Giant Schnauzer to perform the hard and strenuous life of a working dog.” From 1923 to around 1938 the Giant thrived, and in 1927, the PSK had the first "Bundesliestungsiegerprufung" (national championship, working trials.) This national competition was annual until 1938 and cancelled in 1939. World War II then wiped out many Giant Schnauzers, but the Germans started again in 1945 to rebuild the breed with dogs remaining from around the world. This was also complicated by the Berlin Wall which separated East and West Germany and therefore the breeding pool as well between 1961 to 1989. After the unification of Germany, the bloodlines were crossed and our modern day gene pool consists of everything that survived these historical events.

The community of owners of Giant Schnauzers reports concern for the following illnesses: squamous celll carcinoma, toe cancer, and melanoma, autoimmune diseases including thyroiditis, epilepsy, cadiac diseases SAS and dialated cardiomyelopathy, lyphomas, hip dyplasia, eye disorders (cataracts and PRA), AIHA, IMTP, SLO, and cobalamin malabsorption.

Giant Schnauzer breeders have clearly made an effort to keep inbreeding low in a small gene pool. Dr. Pedersen's report says "“IR scores ranged from a low of -0.181 (parents least related) to a high of 0.486 (parents most related), with a mean (average) value of 0.047. Therefore, one fourth of the population had IR scores from -0.041 to -0.181, and one fourth +0.139 to 0.486. …… IR values show that there are three populations among the 133 Giant Schnauzers, one quarter containing individuals from very unrelated parents, one half with parents of average relatedness, and one fourth with parents that are quite related.”

There is clearly a genetic split in the breed between black Giant Schnauzers and Pepper Salt Giant Schnauzers. Each of these populations are more related among themselves than with each other. The Average Genetic Relatedness (AGR), which is the genetic equivalent of the pedigree based calculation "mean kinship," show that overall relatedness is close. This means breeders must make a specific effort to breed to the least related quality dogs they can find, in addition to prioritizing genetic outliers, in order to maximize retention of existing diversity in the breed.

Giant Schnauzer breeders have clearly made an effort to keep inbreeding low in a small gene pool. Dr. Pedersen's report says "“IR scores ranged from a low of -0.181 (parents least related) to a high of 0.486 (parents most related), with a mean (average) value of 0.047. Therefore, one fourth of the population had IR scores from -0.041 to -0.181, and one fourth +0.139 to 0.486. …… IR values show that there are three populations among the 133 Giant Schnauzers, one quarter containing individuals from very unrelated parents, one half with parents of average relatedness, and one fourth with parents that are quite related.”

The Giant Schnauzer has retained a broad range of diversity in the DLA haplotypes, which means they have kept much of the early diversity of the founders of the breed. The initial study of 146 dogs revealed 14 Class I individial DLA haplotypes and 15 individual Class II haplotypes. This is promising for the future of the breed, since some breeds have very few left. It is possible to retain that diversity and this may indicate that there is more overall diversity still to be found in the world. Nevertheless, there seems to be a significant concern with autoimmune disease in the breed, which tends to be more attributable to low overall diversity, not only homozygous DLA haplotypes.

The follow includes dogs with birthdates listed in the database.

DLA Haplotypes in the Breed

The Dog Leukocyte Antigen or DLA is the region in the canine genome that controls the immune system, among other things. There are three classes or areas, and the VGL Canine Diversity Test genotypes or records the two regions with the most variation. Because it is an area that mutates more rapidly than others, the method VGL uses is ideal for identifying specific combinations of DNA, and not merely showing whether a dog inherited two of the same sets of genetics from its parents or two different ones.

"Haplotype" is a generic name for a set of genes that are bound together and inherited as a set. The DLA Class I and Class II haplotypes are very tightly bound and represent about 2 million base pairs of DNA - a sizeable chunk. These two haplotypes together make an extended haplotype that is nearly always passed from parent to puppies as a pair. We therefore have two tables below showing both the combinations of DLA found in this breed and how often they appear, and also how often they appear individually.

Remember that frequency percentages do not show how many dogs carry them, but rather how many of these haplotypes exist in the breed as a whole. Every dog has two sets of DLA haplotypes, one inherited from dam, and one inherited from sire. These almost never recombine in new generations.

DLA Class I/Class II Combinations :

Class I HaplotypeClass II HaplotypeFrequency in the Breed

DLA Frequencies :

ClassHaplotypeFrequency in the Breed
Class I10065.83%
Class I10086.13%
Class I10111.23%
Class I101420.86%
Class I10164.29%
Class I101710.12%
Class I10540.31%
Class I10650.31%
Class I10684.29%
Class I10913.68%
Class I109225.77%
Class I115916.87%
Class I11810.31%
Class II20010.61%
Class II20034.91%
Class II20051.23%
Class II200615.64%
Class II20075.83%
Class II20121.23%
Class II20140.31%
Class II20220.31%
Class II20313.99%
Class II20333.99%
Class II203732.21%
Class II205014.42%
Class II20534.91%
Class II20600.31%
Class II209010.12%

Search For a Giant Schnauzer

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List of Public Dogs

No.NameGenderOutlier IndexAverage Genetic RelatednessInternal Relatedness
1Amazing Alfa at FigoskyF0.250.030.14
2Apffel Bach's California CruzinF0.28-0.050.15
3Apffell Bach's Covert OperativeM0.33-0.050.08
4Apffell Bach's Delta ForceF0.34-0.070.09
5Aspen Leaf’s Bear Creek Elsa QueenF0.270.05-0.03
6Azzuma's Daredevil of WetbeardM0.200.030.10
7Bear Creek Grande LillyF0.200.10-0.13
8Bear Creek Hinda v Clear DaysF0.200.07-0.05
9Bigfoot’s Aspen Leaf RevancheF0.230.04-0.07
10Bluechip Smash HitF0.200.010.03
11Boston Blackstone NM0.260.04-0.16
12Brix In Spite Of AllM0.350.01-0.02
13Carolina's HaHa Fooled YaF0.180.010.17
14Carolina's Million Dollar BabyF0.170.030.21
15Carolina's The Jig Is UpM0.150.060.19
16Clear Days Crystal Blue PersuasionF0.36-0.060.25
17Coldnose Memphis BelleF0.300.010.16
18Coolhand's Black IceF0.280.01-0.04
19CoolHand's I've Got The MovesM0.290.06-0.19
20CoolHand's Set Fire To The ReignF0.24-0.01-0.02
21Daserbe Chase The Ace To DraxparkF0.300.05-0.13
22Dasval As Good As It GetsF0.260.000.02
23Delarive's Time to JitterbugF0.160.060.31
24Doc's Life Is GoodM0.170.06-0.01
25Doc's Wesann's Grande Phoenix RisingF0.280.010.10
26Draxpark Black JackM0.270.10-0.21
27Draxpark Check Me OutF0.24-0.010.21
28Draxpark Checkered FlagM0.220.07-0.03
29Draxpark Hot Like MeF0.380.010.04
30Draxpark JackpotF0.210.12-0.16
31Draxpark Looking GoodM0.300.03-0.03
32Draxpark Lots To LikeM0.330.03-0.01
33Draxpark SochiF0.34-0.010.01
34Draxpark VladivostokM0.430.00-0.19
35Edelphie Delores DelagoF0.270.05-0.04
36Ekhojdens Singular SensationF0.30-0.000.02
37El Pulpo De CethusM0.37-0.01-0.06
38Extreme Eldorado Vom Mutter HausM0.350.04-0.08
39Eyrie von ElberfeldF0.34-0.080.27
40Fanta C's Out Of The DarknessM0.28-0.00-0.01
41Ferncliffe DavignonM0.290.02-0.07
42Ferncliffe Pistols At Dawn for RuffhausF0.25-0.010.14
43Ferncliffe Strip ArtistF0.220.050.08
44FERNCLIFFES URAKM0.220.06-0.03
45Firezone's Beyond The SpotlightM0.29-0.010.09
46Firezone's Clear LegacyF0.220.07-0.10
47Firezone's Echoes of Ramos' LegacyF0.130.09-0.12
48Firezone's Firefly At DragonairM0.21-0.020.10
49Firezone's Gravitational ForceM0.180.040.02
50Firezone's High Caliber 357F0.210.05-0.07
51Firezone's KincsemF0.190.010.33
52Firezone's Mayberry Time To ShineF0.220.080.04
53Firezone's Ramos' Special LegacyM0.210.040.05
54Firezone's Reach Beyond The StarsF0.250.010.13
55Firezone's Special BlendF0.210.05-0.07
56Foxwood's Dare To Dazzle RiesenheimF0.290.03-0.03
57Foxwood's Femme NikitaF0.240.10-0.18
58Freddie z Grodu Ksiazat PomorskichM0.43-0.14-0.02
59Giant Strides Karbon Kopy Vom Mutter HausM0.320.050.05
60Grande Lovin' Every Minute of ItF0.36-0.060.23
61Grande Mojo at CherokeeF0.240.060.03
62Grande Next JourneyF0.220.060.04
63Grande No Rest for the WickedF0.310.02-0.02
64Grande OverdriveM0.180.12-0.12
65Grande Passion for FameF0.25-0.030.25
66Grande QuattroM0.320.03-0.04
67Grande QuintessentialF0.250.040.05
68Grande Roses in RomeF0.340.01-0.05
69Grovelea BossanovaF0.280.05-0.10
70Happy Trails Life Is Highway At Fanta CM0.280.01-0.04
71Happy Trails Watcha Gonna Do With A CowboyM0.280.03-0.17
72Hemi vom EngelskottenF0.40-0.040.05
73Histyle's Federal ExpressM0.210.060.03
74HiStyle's Midnight SpecialM0.200.06-0.01
75HiStyle's Somewhere Over The RainbowF0.220.08-0.05
76Houston Von ElberfeldM0.37-0.010.02
77Indigo's A Bonney Irish PirateF0.40-0.090.06
78Indigo's A Scottish PiperF0.36-0.05-0.04
79Indigo's Dream Come TrueF0.33-0.04-0.01
80Indigo's GwynnieF0.44-0.080.01
81Indigo's Whiz KidM0.38-0.070.04
82Ingebars Tynan Dances with WildflowersM0.24-0.020.31
83Inno All'Amore von den Nassen BaertenM0.38-0.130.06
84Invicta Gigas ClodaghF0.200.04-0.04
85Iservel Dark SecretM0.270.000.19
86Jafrak Magic LanternF0.210.08-0.02
87KAR Farm's Good for the GanderM0.37-0.150.25
88Kiraly's Winter is ComingM0.210.10-0.07
89Kittynoir Vanilla BeanF0.34-0.01-0.03
90Leidenschaft's JägermeisterM0.23-0.010.12
91Long Grove's Twinkle ToesF0.200.040.13
92Lucavale Washington at AndmauraM0.40-0.120.05
93Magisterial's Boulder HaukM0.36-0.03-0.10
94Mendelssohn vom Weseler WaldM0.27-0.03-0.10
95Momentumm Annie Get Your GunF0.31-0.030.03
96Momentumm Brigadoon After MidnightM0.39-0.03-0.09
97Momentumm In The LimelightF0.32-0.050.01
98Momentumm King of HeartsM0.210.08-0.13
99Momentumm Knight Show V. MagicM0.34-0.070.31
100Momentumm V.I.P.F0.49-0.120.04
101Nev Lemar Bonapart M0.280.04-0.04
102Nightline Heart of DelariveF0.200.020.04
103Obsidian's First LadyF0.210.05-0.01
104Obsidian's Freya Von LuthorF0.220.030.02
105Old Saint NicklausM0.29-0.01-0.11
106Otis Boanergos De GaulleM0.220.040.08
107Otis Boanergos OrpheusM0.310.04-0.10
108Patriot Vom ZetterfeldM0.30-0.030.15
109Pharo vom kleinen BüffelM0.32-0.06-0.02
110Pushkadell Tuscan to GroveleaM0.220.080.03
111Qodo vom GoldbergseeF0.30-0.060.14
112Quadriga vom Weseler WaldF0.39-0.05-0.04
113Riesenheim Rufus BlackM0.270.05-0.06
114Riesenheim Taio Cruz To RuffhausM0.290.020.02
115Riesenrad's Go The DistanceF0.32-0.030.08
116Riesenrads Guilty As ChargedF0.35-0.060.15
117Riesenrads IMA Coming In HotF0.30-0.000.02
118Riot von ElberfeldM0.36-0.070.05
119Rissies JappM0.48-0.09-0.01
120Schutzengel's Bad and BoujeeF0.260.010.24
121Selectiondor ElectraF0.230.050.04
122Silver Senator Figo at FigoskyM0.71-0.20-0.02
123Silver Senators Sky NewsF0.74-0.240.17
124Skansen's Duchess of KaliforniaF0.200.020.06
125Skansen's Indigo RainF0.44-0.160.00
126Skansen's Payton of KARFarmF0.32-0.120.17
127Skansen's Thousand IslandM0.200.050.21
128Spartacus Radinie At DraxparkM0.41-0.060.03
129Spicerack's Pink Missundaztood SecretF0.230.030.04
130St. Michaels AibhlinnF0.310.01-0.06
131Stablemaster's Kiss of KarmaF0.200.060.17
132Stablemaster's SabrinaF0.260.020.08
133Star Drim Ya KalugaF0.32-0.060.28
134Star Drim Ya RusskiyM0.270.05-0.12
135Star Drim Yantra at FirezoneM0.320.000.13
136STAR LEVEL TIME TO WINM0.31-0.010.12
137T'Challah Black PantherF0.28-0.010.13
138Taktika Art Focus PointM0.190.030.18
139Terravirtus JengaF0.59-0.230.36
140Terravirtus PandamoniumM0.87-0.260.02
141Time For You Gaius Caesar at FerncliffeM0.42-0.03-0.03
142Tito von ElberfeldM0.290.02-0.05
143Tyshunde ApprenticeM0.28-0.040.17
144Uno Nicolas RadinieM0.200.07-0.10
145Wanderlust's Walking On Indigo SunshineF0.180.060.25
146Weylin Kato Vom Mutter HausM0.260.050.05
147Yadon von BlackmooreM0.260.020.06
148Yashanti's In CahootsM0.37-0.120.15
149Zarina's Design Amour-Amour at FoxwoodF0.300.020.10
150Zarina's Design Avenger For RiesenheimM0.270.020.06
151Zarina's Design Something SpecialF0.160.07-0.07
152Zarina's Design Tu Eres Mi TodoM0.190.050.17

Active BetterBred Breeders:

KennelWebsiteState or ProvinceCountry
Wasserlauf Giant SchnauzersWebsiteOntarioCA
Draxpark Giant SchnauzersWebsiteNorth YorkshireUK
Grande Giant SchnauzersWebsiteColoradoUS
Indigo GiantsWebsiteMissouriUS